A stroke is a neurological condition that affects the brain cells due to a lack of oxygen. Typically, this causes the patient to lose the ability to perform basic motor functions such as speaking or walking. There are two types of strokes: hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke exists when a blood vessel on the brainâ??s surface fissures and fills the space with blood between the skull and the brain. An ischemic stroke is the most common and occurs when a blood clot forms and blocks blood flow to the brain. A free-floating blood clot may also cause an ischemic stroke if the blood clot travels through the blood stream to the brain.
Common symptoms of having a stroke include:
- Paralysis in the face, leg, or arm
- Issues walking
- Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Issues speaking and understanding
With seven million stroke survivors, it is safe to say that a healthy recovery, with the right treatment and therapy, is possible. An early start to recovery is the most efficient way to recover because the damaged brain cells still have the potential to heal. Rehabilitation and therapy begin immediately after the stroke has occurred. Typically it begins in the hospital and will continue with in-home therapy to further patientâ??s progression. The goal of doctors, therapists, and patients is for the patient to become independent again, and be able to complete basic skills.